25th March 2007, mgh
This Article: (2 Pages)
- 1. What is the Soul?: the... Biblical explanation.
- 2. The Death State
1) What is the Soul?: the Biblical explanation.
From anicent cultures to some modern religions, humans have long held the belief that there is a part of the person that lives forever. How or where this part, often called the 'soul', lives varies.
In the Bible the word 'soul' occurs approximately 800 times. It is never once referred to as being immortal or living on after death. The word translated 'soul' in Hebrew is 'nephesh' and is the same word that is used for all living creatures. Therefore 'Soul' is equally applied to both man and creatures where there is 'life'. Consider the following.
“God said, let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature (nephesh) that has life. God created great whales, and every living creature (nephesh)”(Genesis 1:20-21)
The word 'creature' is 'nephesh' and could have been traslated 'soul'. The Bible therefore assumes that humans have life in the same way whales and fish have life. There is more,
And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature (nephesh) after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. (Gen 1:24)
This same word that is used for animals and all living creatures including rodents and lizards is also applied to humans.
“God breathed into his (man's) nostrils the breath of life: and man became a living soul (nephesh).” (Genesis 2:7)
This 'breath of life' however is not limited to humans but clearly belongs to all creatures as revealed by the account of the animals being taken into Noah's ark.
“And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh wherein is the 'breath of life'.”...And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing, and every man; all in whose nostrils was the breath of life.”(Genesis 7: 15, 21-22)
In Genesis 7, all creatures are described as having received the 'breath of spirit of lives' in common with man. The Hebrew word for breath is 'ruach' and it describes the all pervading spirit and power of the Creator. This is stated by Job
“If God set his heart upon(against) man, if he gather to himself 'ruachu veneshmetu'. his spirit and his breath; and all flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again to dust.”(Job 34: 14-15)
The Creator's great power over life is further shown in the Psalms.
“You take away their breath(ruach), they die and return their dust. You send forth thy spirit(ruach), they are created.” (Psalm 104:29-30)
Again in Ecclesiastes the spirit, 'ruach' is defined as the Creator's power, especially in relation to man and animal.
“That which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts...As the one dies , so dies the other; yea they have all one breath(ruach/spirit); so that man has no pre-eminence over a beast; for all is vanity(or vapour). All go to one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.”(Ecclesiastes 3:19-20)
The human soul is the same as the animal soul. The human 'breath of life' is the same as the animal. There is nothing special about the human life or soul.
The soul can become hungry,
Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger. (Proverbs 19:15)
According to the Bible, a notable charteristic of the soul is that it dies. Ezekiel states that Yahweh has declared
Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die. (Ezekiel 18:4)
These quotations support scientific evidence that humans and animals have no part that lives after death. Evidence shows that human personality and character has a physical component which deteriorates to dust after death.