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The Bible Canon

21st August 2009, mgh,hej

 

6) The Relationship of the New Testament to the Old Testament

The Gospels and the letters of the New Testament contain many references and quotations from the Old Testament, but it is beyond the scope of this article to deal with all of them as there are so many. However a few examples will have to suffice and the reader can find many more using the marginal references in any good version, where 'citings' from the Old Testament are given. The following examples reflect the wide knowledge of the Old Testament that was evident in the first century writings of the apostles in the gospel records and letters.

The Law

1 Corinthians 15:45 quotes Genesis 2:7

And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit

Romans 4:17 quotes Genesis 17:5

(As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickens the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were.

Luke 2:2:23 quotes Exodus 13:2

(As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord;)

1 Corinthians 10:7 quotes Exodus 32:6

Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.

The Prophets

Mark 1:2 quotes Malachi 3:1

As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.

Mark 7:6 quotes Isaiah 29: 13

He answered and said unto them, "Well hath Esaias prophesied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people honoureth me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. "

Mark 9:12-13 and 14:21 make reference to Isaiah 53 and Psalm 22

"Elias verily cometh first, and restoreth all things; and how it is written of the Son of man, that he must suffer many things, and be set at nought. But I say unto you, That Elias is indeed come, and they have done unto him whatsoever they listed, as it is written of him. Mark 9:12-13
"The Son of man indeed goes, as it is written of him: but woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! good were it for that man if he had never been born. (Mark 14:21)

Luke 3:4 quotes Isaiah 40: 3-4

As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight

Galatians 4:27 quotes Isaiah 54:1

For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest not; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the desolate hath many more children than she which hath an husband. 

1 Corinthians 2:9 quotes Isaiah 64:4

But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.

John 12: 14-15 quotes Zechariah 9:9

And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written, Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass's colt.

Acts 7:42 quotes Amos 5:25-27

Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain beasts and sacrifices by the space of forty years in the wilderness?

Romans 1:17 quotes Habakkuk 2:4

or therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.

The Psalms & Writings

John 2:17 quotes Psalm 69:9

And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.

Acts 13:33 quotes Psalm 2

God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that he hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee.

Ephesians 4:8 quotes Psalm 68:18

Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men

The book of Hebrews quotes extensively from the Psalms, the Law and the prophets.

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